HISTORY AND CULTURE

Get to know Albania, the new Mediterranean love.

Albania is the successor of the ancient Illyrian civilization. The local language is Albanian, one of the oldest languages in the world. Albania is a secular state and the population is made up of four major religions: Muslim, Catholic, Orthodox and Bektashi.

Albania is located in the Western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It shares a border with Kosovo to the northeast, with Montenegro to the northwest, with Macedonia to the north and with Greece to the south and southeast. The Adriatic and Ionian Sea are located in the west side of Albania and through the Strait of Otranto it is only 78 km away from Italy.

Albania has made significant economic, cultural and social progress after the fall of the 45 years communist regime. The free-market reforms, which began in 1991, when Albania became a Democratic Republic, have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy, transportation, infrastructure and tourism.

Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, and is a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. In 2014, Albania received the candidate status for membership in the European Union.